Michigan wheat producers have established a state record yield for the second consecutive year. However, production was down 20% from last year's record level, due to significantly reduced acreage, according to Jay Johnson, director of the USDA, NASS, Michigan Field Office. Some highlights of the Small Grains Summary are as follows:
Wheat yield, at 76 bushels per acre, was up one bushel from 2011's record setting crop. Harvested acres were down 140,000 acres from 2011. Production was 41.04 million bushels, down 20% from last year.
Planting began in mid-September and was completed by mid-November. Wheat plantings were delayed or prevented due to a wetter than normal fall. There was little snow cover in most southern parts of the state for most of the winter, but warmer than normal temperatures prevented frost and freeze loss.
Spring-like weather arrived in March, which allowed wheat to begin growth earlier than normal. Timely rains early in the season put wheat on a positive trajectory. Hot, dry temperatures in June
largely prevented wheat disease. Harvest began two weeks earlier than normal. Harvest progressed uneventfully and wheat grain quality was excellent. Harvest was complete by mid-July, much earlier than normal.
Oat yield, at 60 bushels per acre, was down 4 bushels from last year. Harvested acreage, at 35,000, was up 5,000 acres from 2011. Production was up 9.3% due to increased acreage.
Oat planting began in late March, much earlier than normal, due to an early spring warm up. Oat planting was largely complete by late April, though some growers, especially those in the northern reaches of the state did not complete planting until late May. Oats were headed by early June and harvest began in early July. Yields were hindered due to lack of rain beginning in June. Harvest was complete by mid-
August, much earlier than normal.
Barley yield at 48 bushels per acre, was unchanged from last year. Growers harvested 9,000 acres up 1,000 from last year. Barley production increased 12.5% from 2011. Barley growers generally benefitted from the same weather patterns that aided wheat producers.