The overall quality of the 2013 Kansas wheat crop was high, according the annual Wheat Quality report released by USDA National Ag Statistics Service and the Kansas Grain Inspection Service.
The crop averaged 60.9 pounds per bushel, almost right on the 10-year average but down slightly from last year's crop, which averaged 61.1 pounds.
Protein content, which is closely watched by millers and bakers both domestically and abroad averaged 12.2 percent, down from the 12.4 percent 10-year average. The western crop reporting districts led the state in protein content, with all three districts at or above last year and long term averages. Conversely, the central and east regions, where the wheat crop was less heat and drought stressed had protein levels below 10-year averages. Statewide, moisture content averaged 10.9 percent, down from the 11.1 percent last year and from 11.3 percent for the 10-year average.
Comparisons to 2012, 10-year average
Samples of wheat grading No. 1, at 85 percent, were up 2 points from 83 percent last year. Fourteen percent graded No. 2, compared to 16 percent in 2012, and for the second year in a row, only 1 percent graded No. 3 or below. Wheat samples averaged 0.2 percent damaged kernels, same as 2012 but down from 0.4 for the 10-year average. Samples tested had less than 0.1 percent foreign material on average, the same as 2012 but below the 10-year average. Shrunken and broken kernels averaged 1.4 percent, unchanged from 2012 but slightly higher than the 10-year average of 1.2. Average dockage for all samples was 0.6 percent, up slightly from last year.