A new report from USDA estimates that Hurricane Katrina brought nearly $900 million in lost production compared to a combined total of $20 billion in farm cash receipts in 2004 for producers in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee.
The USDA assessment also reviews production losses due to the drought in the eastern Corn Belt, estimating $1.3 billion in corn and soybeans losses in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin
Hurricane-force winds missed major crop production areas in the mid-south. Substantial portions of rice, soybeans and corn production in hurricane-affected states were harvested prior to landfall of Hurricane Katrina, which also limited production losses. Much of the crop losses are attributable to lost horticultural production in Florida and along the Gulf Coast.
USDA's Sept. crop production survey indicated cotton production losses in the range of 4% for Alabama and Mississippi, key cotton production states. Louisiana is estimated to have lost 9% of the state's sugarcane production, which would account for about 1.5% of the U.S. sugar production expected for fiscal year 2006. Although corn, rice and soybean losses appear to be modest, the assessment report acknowledges that producers will face higher costs harvesting the blown over crops, which will require more time and high-cost fuel to harvest.
Short-term livestock production losses due to the hurricane are estimated in the range of $30 million. Millions of chickens were killed. Producers also lost eggs, poultry and chicken grow-out facilities, which will lead to longer term economic losses for some producers. Dairy producers discarded an estimated $3 million worth of milk due to lost electricity on farms and at dairy processing plants and might face a period of reduced cow productivity. An estimated 10,000 cattle were lost.
This preliminary assessment provides estimates of 2005 production losses and does not include infrastructure or long-term losses. Crop and livestock producers face added losses in the form of damaged or destroyed barns, equipment buildings, fences, machinery, as well as losses associated with degraded farm fields, carcass disposal, electrical power losses and fuel shortages.
The nearly $900 million in lost production due to the hurricane compares to a combined total of $20 billion in farm cash receipts in 2004 for producers in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee.
Crop insurance should help cover losses
In addition to hurricane and drought production losses, the report notes that grain and oilseed producers throughout the Midwest have faced reduced prices due to the shipping interruption in New Orleans ports.
Crop insurance will cover a portion of farm production losses attributable to Hurricane Katrina, the drought and other adverse weather conditions this year. While coverage varies by crop and state, in general, 70 to 95% of planted acreage is covered by insurance in the hurricane-affected area and 60 to 75% of corn and soybean acreage is covered in the drought-affected area.