The dry weather the past week allowed Iowa farmers to stay busy in fields and make good progress on harvest. It looks like the weather will stay dry for at least a while longer so farmers can finish harvesting and begin post-harvest field work.
The weekly weather and crop conditions survey, released Nov. 5, by Iowa Ag Statistics Service, shows 83% of the state’s corn has been harvested. That’s 1% ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Harvested field corn percent moisture is averaging 15%, according to the government survey.
The survey shows 96% of Iowa’s soybeans have been harvested, 1% behind last year’s harvest at this time and 3 percent behind the 5-year average. The south-central district is lagging behind the state average in corn and soybean harvest.
About 25% of the fertilizer has been applied
Statewide in Iowa, fall fertilizer application has progressed to 25% for the state.
“Harvest continued as dry fall weather held for another week,” notes Harry Hillaker, state climatologist for the Iowa Department of Agriculture.
Post-harvest work picked up as fields have dried. Fertilizer application, manure spreading and fall tillage are becoming the focus now that crops have been harvested. The wet spring of 2007 and the wet couple of weeks Iowa had this fall in October have prompted many farmers to repair waterways and tiles this fall. Livestock are enjoying the favorable weather as we enter November.
On-farm grain storage running 32% short
There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork this past week, compared to 6.1 days a year ago. Topsoil moisture now rates zero percent very short, 3% short, 83% adequate and 14% surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rates 1% very short, 2% short, 78% adequate and 19% surplus. Grain movement slowed with 13% heavy movement, 35% moderate, 33% light and 19% no movement.
Availability of off-farm grain storage in Iowa is rated 24% short, 73% adequate and 3% surplus. On-farm grain storage availability rates 32% short, 66% adequate and 2% surplus, according to the statewide survey.
Pasture condition rates 3% very poor, 9% poor, 28% fair, 47% good and 13% excellent. Use of stubble fields for grazing rates 49% none, 26% limited, 21% moderate and 4% extensive. Hay and roughage availability rates 9% short, 84% adequate and 7% surplus with a quality of 5% poor, 37% fair and 58% good.