The complete weekly Iowa Crops & Weather report is available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship's website or on USDA's site. The report summary follows here:
Mostly dry weather allowed Iowa corn and bean harvest to reach 5% complete
CROP REPORT: Mostly dry weather allowed the harvesting of corn and soybeans to both reach 5% complete during the week ending September 29, 2013, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Other activities for the week included chopping corn silage, harvesting seed corn, and seeding cover crops.
Topsoil moisture levels rated 35% very short, 40% short, 25% adequate and zero percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 41% very short, 39% short, 20% adequate and zero percent surplus. Southeast Iowa remained the driest with over 50% of the topsoil moisture rated in the very short category.
About 61% of Iowa corn crop is now mature, which is behind the normal of 76%
As of September 29 the survey showed 95% of Iowa's corn crop had reached dent stage or beyond, 3 percentage points behind normal. It showed 61% of Iowa's corn was mature, behind the normal 76%. Only 5% of the corn had been harvested for grain or seed, two weeks behind normal. Moisture content of all corn in the field was estimated at 28% while moisture content of corn harvested was estimated at 23%. Corn lodging was rated at 71% none, 22% light, 6% moderate and 1% heavy. Corn condition was 8% very poor, 18% poor, 38% fair, 32% good and 4% excellent.
Looking at Iowa's soybean crop, 88% of soybeans had turned color, 8 percentage points behind normal; and 51% of the crop had dropped leaves, 9 days behind normal pace. Five percent of soybeans had been harvested as of September 29, which is 16 percentage points behind normal. Soybean lodging was rated at 86% none, 12% light, 2% moderate and zero percent heavy. Soybean shattering was rated at 86% none, 12% light, 2% moderate and zero percent heavy. Soybean condition improved slightly to 9% very poor, 18% poor, 38% fair, 31% good and 4% excellent.