Topsoil moisture supplies declined slightly this past week as daytime high temperatures reached 90 degrees or higher in most locations, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Minnesota Field Office.
As of June 10, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 85% adequate to surplus, compared with 95% the previous week. Despite above average temperatures and limited rainfall, crop conditions held relatively steady. The rain was well received in dry areas of the state, while other areas continued to dry out from excess rainfall during the month of May. Statewide, there were 5.7 days rated suitable for fieldwork.
Eighty-two percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition with an average height of 14 inches. Seventy-four percent of soybeans were rated in good to excellent condition with an average height of 4 inches.
Eighty-eight percent of spring wheat and barley were jointed, with 31% of spring wheat headed and 26% of barley headed. Eighty-six percent of oats were jointed with 34% headed. Crop condition for all three small grains was primarily rated fair to good.
Sweet corn was 69% planted compared to 61% last year and 74% for the five-year average. Dry beans were 97% planted and 84% emerged. Dry beans were rated 85% in fair to good condition.
First cutting alfalfa harvest was rated 78% complete. Alfalfa condition was rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 24% fair, 59% good and 10% excellent. Pasture and range condition was rated 1% very poor, 7% poor, 19% fair, 57% good and 16% excellent.
Source: USA-NASS MN Field Office