Editor’s note:The following article,“No limits to the value of an agriculture degree,” is written by four Midwest deans of agriculture. They wrote it in response to a recent Yahoo Education article, “College majors that are useless,” which basically said there’s no future in agriculture. When the Yahoo folks ran their article on the Web, were they talking with their mouth full?
Given the outstanding enrollment and job placement experience in our respective colleges, it was a surprise when three of the five majors “highlighted” in a recent Yahoo Education article by Terrence Loose titled “College majors that are useless” were programs in the agricultural sciences: agriculture, animal sciences and horticulture.
Before drawing his conclusions, we wish that Mr. Loose had done more homework beyond what appears to be a cursory review of Bureau of Labor Statistics numbers and the repurposing of a similar headline from The Daily Beast a year ago.
Other sources suggest that not only is the need for graduates in these programs growing, but also there is a shortage of graduates in the agricultural, food and natural resource sciences:
• Broad definition of agriculture. The Yahoo Education article equated “agriculture” with “farm management.” Farm management is an important field of study, but defining agriculture only as farm management is much too narrow. Completely ignored are other important areas under the umbrella of “agriculture,” including food science, plant science and soil science, where the Bureau of Labor Statistics report predicts job growth should be faster than the average for all occupations, and where job opportunities are expected to be good over the next decade, particularly in food science and technology and in agronomy. And, of course, the “agriculture” umbrella also covers ag economics, ag engineering, animal sciences, natural resource and environmental sciences, and agricultural education, to name a few.
• Very low unemployment rates. Recent (Jan. 5) online posts (New York Times) and NPR’s State Impact Ohio cited a just-released report by the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, which found agriculture and natural resources to be among the fields with the lowest unemployment rates —lower than business, engineering, law and several others.
• Shortage of college graduates to fill need. The USDA in the “Employment Opportunities for College Graduates in Food, Renewable Energy, and the Environment, 2010-2015” report, projects that 53,500 qualified graduates will be available for about 54,400 jobs annually in agricultural and food systems, renewable energy, and the environment. About 55% of those graduates (29,300) are expected to earn degrees from colleges of agriculture and life sciences, forestry and natural resources, and veterinary medicine. The other 45%, an estimated 24,200 graduates, will come from allied disciplines including biological sciences, engineering, health sciences, business and communication.
• No stronger sector for recruiting. Dr. Phil Gardner, director of the Collegiate Employment Research Institute at Michigan State University, recently wrote, “No sector appears stronger than agriculture/food processing with an increase in hires of approximately 14%” in the annual “Recruiting Trends” report.
• Vital economic growth engine. A recent study conducted by the Battelle Institute, an independent research organization, found that agriculture and ag biosciences are generating vital economic growth and job creation, particularly in the north-central U.S., which includes all four of our respective states. This Midwest area, once dubbed the “Rust Belt,” is becoming the breeding ground for new “green” ag-related jobs, as the agriculture-driven industry is poised to expand into new markets such as health, specialty crops, biofuels and bio-based products.
• New areas of opportunity. The article completely misses an important trend of interest in small-scale, local food production and those who want to become part of agriculture by launching these types of businesses. The Bureau of Labor Statistics report from which Mr. Loose took some of his numbers even points out that “…an increasing number of small-scale farmers have developed successful market niches that involve personalized, direct contact with their customers. Many are finding opportunities in horticulture and organic food production, which are among the fastest-growing segments of agriculture.”
The success of our graduates is also a testament to the usefulness of agricultural majors. Students majoring in “agriculture” study farm management, horticulture and animal sciences, as well as agricultural and food business, food science, biological engineering, plant breeding and genetics, wildlife biology and forestry, biochemistry, microbiology, entomology, and other exciting, science-based areas. Our graduates take jobs in a wide variety of industries, pursue research careers, and work in public service in the U.S. and internationally.
Across all four of our agricultural colleges, total enrollment is the highest in 30-plus years, applications are going up, and most importantly, at the end of their undergraduate careers, our students are facing excellent job or graduate program opportunities. Placement rates are higher than 90%, with 16% to 26% of that total choosing to pursue advanced degrees and professional education.
Need to go beyond the numbers
Beyond the statistics about jobs, let’s think about some basic human needs and consider what “degrees” will prepare a young man or woman to help provide for those needs. Adequate nutrition is a basic need of all humans. Our planet recently reached the 7 billion population mark, and the United Nations estimates we will have 2.3 billion more people to feed by the year 2050. We must address how to feed all these people with little expansion of land, in a way that conserves our water resources, and in a fashion that society judges acceptable and even more respectful of our environment. For answers, take a closer look at our ag majors.
In addition, those in agriculture will make important contributions to our country’s energy requirements and help provide feedstock for other industrial materials. To meet these challenges, a growing number of passionate, smart and well-prepared people have a lot of work to do. And we see and talk to these people every day in our campus classrooms, labs and fields.
That’s why we’re very excited by the prospects for our graduates. Agriculture has been one of the bright spots in the U.S. economy during the current recession, and incredible opportunities exist for new economic development in our states and our country. Our graduates are currently writing their own story, and the headline reads: “College majors that are invaluable.”
Akridge is dean of the College of Agriculture, Purdue University; Hauser, is dean of the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois; Moser is dean of the College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Ohio State University; and Wendy K. Wintersteen is dean, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Iowa State University.