Farmers want to know if they will have soybean seed to plant this spring. The good news is that most seed industry insiders believe there will be adequate supplies of good-quality soybean seed for planting this spring, especially across the heart of the Corn Belt.
Ordering soybean seed these days is somewhat like buying a new pickup truck. You’ve got to do more than just specify the variety. Do you want your soybeans treated? If so, what do you want them treated with? Do you want a company’s deluxe treatment option?
Soybean diseases that max out in a cool, wet year thrived in 2009. Even farmers with 30-inch soybean rows battled white mold, and that’s not supposed to happen. However, the disease challenges you face in soybeans in 2010 could be different.
Much like car buying, seed purchasing has gotten a lot more complex. After picking a model, there’s a host of options one can add to personalize it to his or her liking.
A yield-robbing disease, soybean sudden death syndrome is widespread in Iowa this summer. Severely infested soybean fields can be seen to some extent in every region of the state in 2010. This year has had one of the worst epidemics of SDS since the disease was found in Iowa in 1994.
In 2010, Minnesota farmers and researchers found soybean sudden death syndrome in 14 new counties, bringing the total number of confirmed counties with SDS up to 37.
In getting ready for soybean planting in 2011, there are many factors to consider. In my experience, preparing for what the weather will likely be is probably the greatest challenge of all, as each year is different. Different growing conditions trigger different pathogens that affect germination and early growth of soybeans.
Cotton root rot has been a nemesis to cotton more than 100 years. Now researchers are combining even more muscle aiming to stop the dreaded disease.
So far, planting and growing conditions in 2011 here in southern Iowa have been far more favorable than those we encountered during the 2010 planting season. It was nice to see dust rolling behind planters rather than mud. Soybeans emerged in less than a week with soil temperatures in the mid-60s.
Diseases such as collar rot, Rhizoctonia, pythium and target spot will ruin transplants unless controlled. Target spot is of particular concern, because most growers just deal with the disease the best they can, says Stephen Barts, an Extension agent in Pittsylvania County, Va., adding that for target spot control, there is good news. In 2012, growers can apply Quadris in the greenhouse.
After an extremely wet winter and early spring in the Southwest, even dryland wheat looked strong in much of Texas as harvest approached.
While it’s difficult to say exactly what diseases will be prevalent in Nebraska soybean fields in the upcoming growing season, University of Nebraska Extension plant pathologist, Loren Giesler, has the inside track on potential diseases to look for.
Better peanuts may be coming soon to the Southwest, thanks to collaborative work in Oklahoma.
Many of us carefully select corn hybrids and soybean varieties, but choose alfalfa varieties based on price, marketer, etc., rather than performance. Yet, the differences among alfalfa varieties are at least as great as those of corn and soybeans.