Bass Farm Generating Interest In Iowa Aquaculture Hub

Iowa Farm Scene

An idled Iowa swine production facility no longer used for hogs is back in production—as a fish farm.

Published on: April 19, 2013

The Nelson cousins grow fish in a recirculating aquaculture system to a market size of 2 pounds over a seven-month growing period. The fish are then sent to a processor and sold to white tablecloth restaurants throughout the Midwest.

With assistance of ISU Extension they hope to create an aquaculture hub in central Iowa

The recirculating style of aquaculture allows the Nelsons to grow fish in less than one-third of the time required in ponds, and allows for ease of accessibility, monitoring and harvest. The facility is the largest of its kind in Iowa, but is not large enough to meet the volume needs of a fish processor. They plan to start a cooperative to meet industry demands and create an aquaculture hub in central Iowa. They've turned to Iowa State University Extension and Outreach for assistance.

"The ISU value-added agriculture program has resources to assist in establishing a cooperative, and to assist in marketing Iowa grown products," says Ray Hansen, value- added ag specialist with ISU Extension. "We will perform a market analysis on the needs of the aquaculture industry in Iowa and surrounding states, and use the information to help the cooperative set and meet its production goals."

On March 2, Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey, representatives from ISU Extension and Outreach value-added agriculture, rural development and rural electricity cooperatives were among those to tour the Iowa's First operation and get a first-hand look at commercial-scale fish farming in Iowa.

Increased opportunity for fish farming as consumers want locally-grown food

The Nelsons see more opportunity for growth of fish farming in the Midwest as consumers seek more locally grown food. Eighty percent of fish consumed in the U.S. is imported, according to government statistics. Farm-raised fish provide Midwest consumers the same opportunity to buy fish as fresh as people who live on the coasts can buy, notes Mark Nelson. Restaurant chefs and other buyers cite the freshness of Iowa's First fish, which are shipped out either live or on ice.

Raising fish is similar to hogs in a lot of ways, say the Nelsons, who still custom feed hogs in addition to growing corn and soybeans. "Fish farming is fairly new in Iowa, but I see a lot of potential in the state," says Jeff Nelson. "There are a lot of hog buildings like ours that are no longer being used, and they could be converted to fish production."