The differences are stark. It's no surprise that during the blistering temperatures and persistent dryness in 2012 that dryland crop producers in Nebraska farmers didn't fare well. As I drove across much of Nebraska last summer, numerous fields of dryland corn didn't produce enough even for silage.
Contrast that with irrigated crop production in 2012. Producers with access to sufficient irrigation water took advantage of high prices and excellent yields.
As far as farm income is concerned, it was a year of "haves" and "have-nots," points out Tina Barrett, executive director of Nebraska Farm Business Inc. in Lincoln.
Here are some of the key results Barrett found for the 111 producer clients in the annual Nebraska Farm Business analysis.
•The irrigation-produced yields combined with high prices led to record-breaking net income per acre for commercial irrigated yellow corn as well as irrigated seed corn.
•For the top 15% of farms in the NFBI analysis, "accrual" net income exceeded $750,000. But for another 15% of farms in the NFBI analysis, income was negative.
•Overall, net farm income in Nebraska fell 8%, but it was still the second highest average on records. •Barrett says this is the first time in several years that a significant amount of farms lost money. Many of those farms had a significant livestock operation or dryland crop production. However, she adds that others lost money because of risky marketing strategies that led to big hedge account losses.
•Another group of farms NFBI tracks "as our Top Efficient Farms" set a new high of $527,450 in average net income, $100,000 more than in 2011. The major change for this group is their operating expense ratio, which is just 51.3% vs. 65.1% for the whole group of NFBI producer-clients. Barrett says the ability of the "Top Efficient Group" to consistently control costs, "even when it's not necessary" keeps these farms retaining 16.2% more of every dollar of gross income.